Sunday, September 25, 2011

Chamba Himachal Pradesh,India -Information and Photos

Chamba (Hindi:chamba) is an ancient town in the Chamba district in the state of Himachal Pradesh, in northern India. According to the 2001 Indian census, Chamba has a population of 38,312 people. Located at an altitude of 996 metres (3,268 ft) above mean sea level, the town is situated on the banks of the Ravi River (a major tributary of the Trans-HimalayanIndus River), at its confluence with the Sal River.
Though historical records date the history of the Chamba region to the Kolian tribes in the 2nd century BC, the area was formally ruled by the Maru dynasty, starting with the Raju Maru from around 500 AD, ruling from the ancient capital of Bharmour, which is located 75 kilometres (47 mi) from the town of Chamba.In 920, Raja Sahil Varman (or Raja Sahil Verma) shifted the capital of the kingdom to Chamba, following the specific request of his daughter Champavati  (Chamba was named after her). From the time of Raju Maru, 67 Rajas of this dynasty have ruled over Chamba until it finally merged with the Indian Union in April 1948, although Chamba was under British suzerainty from 1846 to this time.
The town has a large number of temples and palaces,and hosts two popular jatras (fairs), the "Suhi Mata Mela" and the "Minjar Mela", which last for several days and involve music and dancing. Chamba is also well noted for its arts and crafts, particularly its Pahari paintings, which originated in the Hill Kingdoms of North India between the 17th and 19th century and its handicrafts and textiles.
Chamba Himachal Pradesh,India -Information and Photos
The Ravi River flowing through Chamba
Panorama of the upper part of the town and mountains surrounding it
View of Chamba Town
Gopal Singh, Raja of Chamba (ruled 1870-1873)
Laxmi Narayan temple in Chamba
Chamba, Himachal Pradesh
Chumba. Bazar & Temples in 1860
 Chamba, Himachal Pradesh in 2009
Chamba from across the river, Himachal Pradesh.
View of Chaugan at Chamba
Bhuri Singh Museum. Chamba, Himachal Pradesh

Description =Varaha avtar of Vishnu, killing a demon to protect the Earth, and the earth goddess, Bhu or Bhu devi, which he lifts on his tusks above the black ocean. c1740.
gouache on paper. probably Chamba, Pahari region, north India.( Date;c1740)
Pahari painting of Chamba dated 1800– depicts godShiva’s Family on the March.
The Chaugan in Chamba, where fairs are held
Bridge on Budhil River Manimahesh Lake Chamba Himachal Pradesh
chamba himachal pradesh map